man watching birds

Most Common Backyard Birds In Oklahoma (Explained)

Oklahoma is a wonderful place for bird watching. You can see these little birds flying around the fields, meadows, and fields, and they seem to be singing to themselves and they seem so magical. It is very amazing to watch them and one of the best things about watching them is that you do not have to travel any distance to get to them.

You can also sit on your patio and enjoy watching them from there also. There are many species of birds that come to the Oklahoma, and each one of them has different characteristics, and are unique in their own way. Check out the list below.

Most Common Backyard Birds In Oklahoma

Northern Cardinal

Northern Cardinal
Image by Jack Bulmer from Pixabay

The Northern Cardinal is a beautiful bird in the family called Cardinalidae. It is commonly found throughout the eastern United States, from Maine all the way up to Minnesota to Texas, and down through Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and southern Canada to Maine.

The species occurs naturally in many habitats, including cliffs, swamps, marshes, forests, high trees, ponds, streams, slow streams, and lakes. 

  • Frequency: 49.81%
  • Color: Mostly red with a black mask on the face, short pink bill
  • Habitat:  woodlands, gardens, parks, backyards, and wetlands
  • Range: USA, Canada, Mexico
  • Size: 8.2 – 9.3″ inches
  • Weight: 33 – 65 grams
  • Diet: Fruits, berries, and insects (grasshoppers, beetles, snails, cicadas)
  • Family: Cardinalidae
  • Genus: Cardinalis

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Mourning Dove

Mourning Dove
Image by Jack Bulmer from Pixabay

The Mourning Dove is a very common member of the pigeon, and dove family, Columbidae. The species is sometimes known by the names turtle dove. It is perhaps one of the most prevalent and common of all North American songbirds. With it’s beautiful array of black and white spots, its graceful flight pattern, it is no wonder that it has become so popular.

It is believed that these birds were initially introduced into the southern part of Mexico before they came to the Southeastern United States. Over the course of just a short time, they have managed to spread quickly all over the continent.

  • Frequency: 38.14%
  • Color: Light gray-brown and lighter and pinkish below. The wings have black spots.
  • Habitat: Open habitats, urban areas, farms, prairie, grassland, wooded area
  • Range:  USA, Canada, Mexico, Central America, Greater Antilles
  • Size: 12″ inches length
  • Weight: 112 – 170 grams
  • Diet:  Rapeseed, corn, millet, safflower, sunflower seeds, pokeberry, sesame, and wheat.
  • Family: Columbidae
  • Genus: Zenaida

American Crow

American Crow
Image by Jack Bulmer from Pixabay

The American Crow is a medium-sized passerine bird, in the family Corvidae, of the genus Corvus. It is an extremely common bird occurring across much of North America. Unlike most other passerine birds, American crows are not scavengers but rather omnivorus.

They take and eat nestlings, eggs, seeds, grains, and carrion.. Throughout July and August the American Crow gathers its young during the late morning and early afternoon from areas in close proximity to rivers and streams.

  • Frequency: 36.54%
  • Color: Black
  • Habitat: Open country, farms, parks, woodlands, towns, cities
  • Range: Canada, USA, Mexico
  • Size: 16 – 21″ inches
  • Weight: 315 -620 grams
  • Diet: Invertebrates, carrion, seeds, eggs fish, grains, mice, frogs, and other small animals. 
  • Family: Corvidae
  • Genus: Corvis

Blue Jay

Blue Jay
Image by cadop from Pixabay

The blue jay is a rare passerine bird family in the crow family Corvidae, native to central and eastern North America. It generally lives in all of the eastern and western United States; however, eastern populations are migratory. In the United States, it is the second most common passerine bird.

Resident populations can be found along the coasts of Maine to Texas, and in central Mexico. Because the blue jay prefers to roost in abandoned shoreline marshes and coastal marsh areas, the birds often nest near islands, pilings, and other structures they use as shelter. 

  • Frequency: 34.64%
  • Color: Blue crest on the head, wings, back, and tail, and has a white face and belly
  • Habitat: Deciduous and mixed forests, mixed woodlands, backyards, parks
  • Range: Southern Canada,  Eastern and Central United States, Florida and Texas
  • Size: 8 – 12″ inches
  • Weight: 70 – 100 grams
  • Diet:  Nuts, seeds, caterpillars, grasshoppers, and beetles
  • Family: Corvidae
  • Genus: Cyanocitta

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European Starling

European Starling
Image by Jacques GAIMARD from Pixabay

The common sparrow or European starling is a medium-sized passerine birds in the large passerine family, Sturnidae, with a population estimated at two hundred million worldwide.  It’s about 20cm long and has blackish gray plumage with an iridescent metallic sheen, that’s speckled sometimes with white at other times of the year. ​​​​​​​

The European starling has a high migratory capacity, taking to the skies over the northern part of North America and crossing the border into Canada and the United States several times a year. It also frequents Mexico, Costa Rica, and Peru. 

  • Frequency: 33.19%
  • Color:  Black with glossy iridescence plumage
  • Habitat: Forests, woodlands, backyards, edges, yards, and parks
  • Range: North America, Europe, Africa, India, Middle East, China
  • Size: 7 – 9″ inches long
  • Weight: 60 – 100 grams
  • Diet:  Insects (ants, beetles, invertebrates), fruits, seeds, berries
  • Family: Sturnidae
  • Genus: Sturnus

Carolina Chickadee

Carolina Chickadee
Image by anne773 from Pixabay

Like most titmice, the Carolina Chickadee breeds mostly in North America, although it has also been found in parts of Southern Africa, as well as Central Asia. ​​​​​​​The Carolina Chickadee prefers to eat larger insects, especially worms, along with the larger seeds of plants.

Its dietary needs are quite unique, and therefore it only feeds mostly on night-flying insects, including mosquitoes, dragonflies, ladybugs, moths, and beetles. ​​​​​​​

  • Frequency: 32.25%
  • Color: Black cap and throat with white cheeks. Light gray wings, back, and tail.
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests, suburbs, parks, backyards
  • Range:  USA ( Texas, Florida, New Jersey, and Kansas)
  • Size: 4.5 – 5.1″ inches long
  • Weight: 9 – 12 grams
  • Diet:  Insects, berries, seeds 
  • Family: Paridae
  • Genus:  Poecile

Northern Mockingbird

The northern mockingbird is among the most reclusive and solitary bird species in the world. While the male is rarely seen throughout the year, this species can be found nearly everywhere in the Northern Hemisphere except the very coldest places.

This species has also been noted to travel south during extremely harsh winters, typically moving as far north as the coldest parts of Alaska and Canada. This species is also known to be common in heavily forested areas, particularly near breeding grounds and nesting boxes.

  • Frequency: 31.69%
  • Color: Gray upperparts with white underparts. Black and white wing bars.
  • Habitat: Forested areas, parks, and gardens
  • Range:  Southeastern Canada, USA, Northern Mexico, Cayman Islands, Greater Antilles
  • Size: 8.0 – 11″ inches long
  • Weight: 40 – 58 grams
  • Diet: Berries, fruits, seeds, arthropods, earthworms, and occasionally lizards
  • Family: Mimidae
  • Genus: Mimus

American Robin

American Robin
Image by lorifbutler from Pixabay

The American Robin is a beautiful migratory songbird, of the Order Turdidae family. A very common visitor to gardens across North America and Asia, it has made a name for itself as one of our most popular songbirds and second only to the sparrow.

These birds eats nectar from leafy bushes, suet, acorns, nuts, and berries.The best time for these birds to be active is from April through June. Their natural habitat are, wooded areas, backyards, parks, fields in the northern part of North America.

  • Frequency: 31.63%
  • Color: Mostly brown on the back with an orange colored breast
  • Habitat: Wooded areas, backyards, parks, fields
  • Range: USA, Canada, Mexico
  • Size: 12 – 16″ inches
  • Weight: 72 – 95 grams
  • Diet: Fruits, berries and insects (earthworms, beetles, caterpillars
  • Family: Turdidae
  • Genus: Turdus

Related Post: Interesting American Robin Fun Facts

House Sparrow

House Sparrow
Image by Wolfgang Zimmel from Pixabay

The house sparrow is an attractive bird of the common sparrow family, Passeridae, commonly found in all parts of the globe. It’s a tiny little bird, which has a normal length of just 16 cm and a body mass of just 24 grams. During the early summer they begin to migrate toward the trees in search of food.

While they are moving through the woods, they often visit bird feeders and other sites that contain seed. In autumn the male and female return to their territory, the male staying near the female, while the female moves to a nearby tree where she lays her eggs.

  • Frequency: 27.95%
  • Color:  Gray head marking, a reddish-brown back, and gray underparts
  • Habitat: Urban centers, suburban areas, backyards, edges, yards, and parks
  • Range: North America, Central America, South America, Africa, Australia, New Zealand
  • Size: 5.5 – 7.1″ inches in length
  • Weight: 25 – 39 grams
  • Diet:  Insects, beetles, caterpillars, aphids,, grasshoppers, crustaceans, earthworms, vertebrates
  • Family: Passeridea
  • Genus: Passer

Related Post: How to Attract Sparrows to your Backyard

Carolina Wren

Carolina Wren
Image by Jack Bulmer from Pixabay

The Carolina wren is the ordinary species of wren, which are also a typical resident in the far eastern portion of the US, the far north of Labrador, Canada, and along the coastal edge of Mexico, near the Gulf of Mexico. They are fairly easy to come across; one or two wrens will be found nesting in any corner of a birdhouse.

Hitting up in the southern states, they migrate south in May and July. During their migration, they look for open areas along river banks and coastal areas, in search for food such as insects, seeds, nuts, and berries.

  • Frequency: 26.23%
  • Color: Black cap and throat with white cheeks. Light gray wings, back, and tail.
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests, suburbs, parks, backyards
  • Range:  USA ( Texas, Florida, New Jersey, and Kansas)
  • Size: 4.5 – 5.1″ inches long
  • Weight: 9 – 12 grams
  • Diet:  Insects, berries, seeds 
  • Family: Paridae
  • Genus:  Poecile

Red-winged Blackbird

red-winged blackbird
Image by warpmike from Pixabay

The beautiful and rare red-winged blackbird, which is native to western USA and southern Canada is now becoming rarer to find. It was nearly extinct in the past but it has been able to survive in the southern part of North America where it is wintering.

They are now showing up in Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Colorado, Minnesota, and Oregon. This species of blackbird feeds on a variety of foods including nectar, suet, and various types of seeds. During their migration they are able to detect food sources through the sunflower hulls that line the trees they pass. 

  • Frequency: 25.63%
  • Color: All black with red patches on shoulder and a yellow wing bar
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests, conifers, roadside, rivers, backyards, parks
  • Range: North America, Central America
  • Size: 6.7 – 7.1″ inches length
  • Weight: 41.5 – 65 grams
  • Diet:  Seeds and insects (butterflies, dragonflies, moths, frogs, worms, spider, snails, carrion, flies.)
  •  Family: Icteridae
  • Genus: Agelaius

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Red-bellied Woodpecker
Image by wileydoc from Pixabay

The red-bellied woodpecker, is a medium-sized woodpecker of the woodpecker family (Picidae). They breed primarily in the eastern U.S., ranging from southern Ohio and southern Indiana up into the far north to Labrador and Alaska. These birds are cavity nesters; meaning they lay their eggs in cavities or hollow trees and leave them to hatch inside these cavities until they emerge into adulthood.

As with all birds, the best way to attract them to your bird feeders is to make sure you provide them a variety of foods including suet, nuts, berries, fruit, seeds, small worms, and insects. All of these will entice and encourage these cavity-dwelling birds to come and feed on your feeder!

  • Frequency: 24.67%
  • Color: Gray on body and face and underparts. Black and white pattern on wings, back, and tail.
  • Habitat: Forests, backyards
  • Range: Southern Canada,  Eastern United States, Florida 
  • Size: 9 – 10.6″ inches long
  • Weight: 56 -91 grams
  • Diet:  Insects, tree frogs, eggs of small birds, oozing sap, and small fish.
  • Family: Picidae
  • Genus: Melanerpes

Tufted Titmouse

The tufted titmouse,  is a beautiful small songbird in North America An inhabitant of wooded, rocky areas, it has adapted well to its habitat, particularly in its breeding and wintering areas. Because it favors open wooded areas, the Tufted Titmouse can be found in wide-ranging deciduous forests.

A frequent flyer, it also feeds on a variety of berries and insects in open fields and woodlands.  A regular visitor to bird feeders, the tufted titmouse favors the more open areas of a garden but will happily eat just about anything if given the opportunity. A beautiful bird with colorful plumage, the tufted titmouse makes an excellent addition to any birding community.

  • Frequency: 22.33%
  • Color: Gray upperparts, white front, a tufted gray crest on the head
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests, river basin, backyards, swamps
  • Range:  Canada, USA, and Mexico
  • Size: 5.5 – 6.4″ inches
  • Weight: 18 – 26 grams
  • Diet:  Nuts, insects, berries, seeds small fruit, and snails
  • Family: Paridae
  • Genus: Baeolophus

Related Post: How to Attract Tufted Titmouse to my Yard

Eastern Bluebird

Eastern Bluebird
Image by wileydoc from Pixabay

The eastern bluebird,  is very popular species that are frequently seen throughout the United States. The most common time of year they are seen is from early May through mid-June. Unlike other varieties, they are not quite active in the fall and are rarely seen until the first day of the new season.

It wasn’t until fairly recently that they have become so popular that we can see them flying around in nearly every large city across our great nation.

  • Frequency: 22.26%
  • Color: Has a blue head, back, and wings. reddish-brown breast
  • Habitat: Open woodlands, farmlands, and orchards.
  • Range: Southern Canada to the Gulf states, East of the Rockies and south to Arizona to Nicaragua
  • Size: 5.5 – 7.1″ inches in length
  • Weight: 20 – 33 grams
  • Diet:  insects and other invertebrates
  • Family: Turdidae
  • Genus: Sialia

Downy Woodpecker

Downy Woodpecker
Image by Jack Bulmer from Pixabay

Downy woodpecker are the smallest woodpeckers in North America, and are found throughout much of the United States. This bird has a distinctive call, that is a squeaky, unique sound that some bird watchers find disturbing. Downy Woodpeckers, prefer open deciduous woods and brushlands. This includes old-growth, mixed-growth, and deciduous-meshed forests of oak-hardwood or beech-maple-trees.

They occur less frequently in conifer-dominant forests unless a dominant deciduous tree is present. They prefer food such as ants, spiders, moths, and beetles. The male woodpecker prefers to roost at night in trees after they have fed during the day, but the female woodpecker will feed at daytime and roost at night. 

  • Frequency: 21.71%
  • Color: Black with a white throat, belly, and back. White spots on wings
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests and thickets, roadside, grasslands, backyards, parks
  • Range:  Canada, USA, and Mexico
  • Size: 5.5 – 7.1″ inches in length
  • Weight: 20 – 33 grams
  • Diet:  Mostly insects and beetles and ants, also gall wasps, caterpillars
  • Family: Picadae
  • Genus: Dryobates

Dark-eyed Junco

Dark-eyed Junco
Image by Daniel Roberts from Pixabay

The dark-eyed junco is an incredibly common species of ornithology, a family of small, rounded New World sparrows found throughout the Northern Hemisphere. This particular species, which is found in the southern parts of the United States is typically found throughout all of Mexico up to the mountains of northern Arizona and New Mexico.

From the high elevations of these areas, populations can also be found in Central and South America, as well as the Caribbean Islands.

  • Frequency: 20.08%
  • Color:  Gray head, neck, breast, gray/brown backs and wings, white underside
  • Habitat: Wooded areas, forest edges, roadsides, gardens, parks.
  • Range: USA and Canada
  • Size: 5.1 – 6.9″ inches
  • Weight: 18 – 30 grams
  • Diet:  Seeds, insects, and arthropods
  • Family: Passeriformes
  • Genus: Junco

Killdeer

Killdeer
Image by Michael Webb from Pixabay

The killdeer bird is a common plover native to North America. It has long been described and even given its common name by Carl Linnaeus, in the tenth edition of his Systema naturae. They prefer open, flat land where they can forage all around, at ground level. Unlike most other birds, the killdeer bird does not nest anywhere but in open fields and swamps.

A killdeer bird will usually choose a quiet spot, like a small tree in a marsh, a tall wooded spot, or even in a pile of brush, to build a nest. After laying eggs, the bird will drop to the ground and cover its body with a loose flap of skin to protect it from the weather.

  • Frequency: 19.99%
  • Color: Brown-tan on upper body and white underneath. The white chest has two black bands, brown face with black and white patches.
  • Habitat: Beach habitats and coastal wetlands and fields
  • Range:  USA, Southern Canada, and Mexico
  • Size: 7.9 – 11″ inches long
  • Weight: 72 – 120 grams
  • Diet: Millipedes, worms, snails, spiders, and some seeds
  • Family: Charadriidae 
  • Genus: Charadrius

House Finch

House Finch
Image by mlmclaren from Pixabay

The house finch is an extremely popular bird amongst bird lovers, it is the smallest of the family of finches (though not the rarest). They have been brought to widespread popularity in recent years because of their attractive markings, relatively small size and vibrant coloring. The house finch lives in small leafy trees in wooded areas; however they also enjoy free ranging on grasslands.

They are a very active bird, however, and are great for bird feeders; they will often take nuts and seeds straight from your hand. Many people feed their house finches during the spring and summer months when their natural food supply is at its greatest and abundance. .

  • Frequency: 18.30%
  • Color:  Reddish face and upper breast, brown streaks on back, belly, and tail.
  • Habitat: Urban and suburban areas, backyards, edges, yards, and parks
  • Range: Canada, USA, Mexico
  • Size: 5 – 6″ inches
  • Weight: 16 – 27 grams
  • Diet:  Aphids, grains, seeds, berries, nettle, dandelion, sunflower
  • Family: Fringillidae
  • Genus: Haemorhous

Related Post: How to Attract House Finch to Your Yard?

American Goldfinch

American Goldfinch
Image by Miles Moody from Pixabay

The American goldfinches are small, North American birds, which are common throughout all parts of the continent. They are frequently seen from southern Mexico southward to the Canadian border and down the Texas Gulf Coast. They feed on a variety of seeds but prefer corn.

Their name is derived from their tendency to fly around in large flocks, so the name goldfinch was given to them in reference to the large number of birds flying around at any one time. They are extremely social birds, building tiny houses and nesting areas in cliffs and near islands.

  • Frequency: 17.50%
  • Color: Face, neck, and underside are yellow, black wings with white bars
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests and thickets, roadside, grasslands, backyards, meadows
  • Range:  Canada, USA and Mexico
  • Size: 4.3 – 5.5″ inches length
  • Weight: 12 -18 grams
  • Diet:  Grass, dandelions, chickweed, sunflowers and ragweed, thistle, red alder, birch, spruce seeds
  • Family: Carduelinae
  • Genus: Spinus

Related Post: American Goldfinch Interesting Facts

Eurasian Collared-Dove

Eurasian collared-doves are common bird feeders in the southern parts of the U.S., especially along the Gulf states and Florida. They also occur naturally in some parts of Mexico. This is why they are commonly seen near shores, in parks, close to housing developments, and even along roadways.

These birds are great visitors to bird feeders because they are active during the day and socialize frequently during the night. They are good climbers and can often be found in fields, cliffs, edges of fields, along roads, and in fields near creeks. This makes them a great addition to your birding list!

  • Frequency: 17.45%
  • Color: Pinkish-gray with ablack half-collar bar with white on its neck
  • Habitat: Urban centres, farms, backyards, edges, yards, and parks
  • Range: North America, Central America, South America, Europe, Asia
  • Size: 13″ inches
  • Weight: 150 grams
  • Diet:  Millet, milo, sunflower, wheat, corn and berries
  • Family: Columbidae
  • Genus: Streptopelia

These backyard birds all have a frequency of less than 16%  ​​​​​​​

  • Eastern Phoebe –  15.85% Frequency
  • Scissor-tailed Flycatcher 15.80%
  • Northern Flicker 15.55%
  • Brown-headed Cowbird 14.94%
  • Barn Swallow 14.41%
  • Common Grackle 14.23%
  • Eastern Meadowlark 13.67%
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler 12.64%
  • Rock Pigeon 9.96%
  • Blue-gray Gnatcatcher 9.94%
  • Great-tailed Grackle 9.66%
  • Mississippi Kite 8.84%
  • Harris’s Sparrow 8.60%
  • Cedar Waxwing 8.59%
  • Song Sparrow 8.54%
  • Northern Shoveler 8.23%
  • Belted Kingfisher 8.21%
  • Brown Thrasher 8.08%
  • White-crowned Sparrow 7.78%
  • Field Sparrow 7.50%
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird 7.48%
  • Indigo Bunting 7.28%
  • White-throated Sparrow 7.27%
  • Cliff Swallow 7.26%
  • Eastern Kingbird 7.24%
  • Lark Sparrow 6.74%
  • Savannah Sparrow 6.66%
  • White-breasted Nuthatch 6.51%
  • Western Kingbird 6.47%
  • Dickcissel 6.35%
  • Fish Crow 6.22%
  • Great Crested Flycatcher 6.13%
  • Bewick’s Wren 6.05%
  • Red-headed Woodpecker 5.81%
  • Painted Bunting 5.79%
  • Pileated Woodpecker 5.42%
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet 5.35%
  • Yellow-billed Cuckoo 5.34%
  • Chipping Sparrow 5.22%
  • Purple Martin 5.01%