Interesting Eastern Bluebird Facts That Might Shock You!

The Eastern Bluebird is one of the many beautiful species of songbirds that are found throughout North America. These are migratory birds that return to their nesting areas year after year.

In most cases, these birds can be seen during spring, although they are not always found in this time of year. However, as the summer approaches, these birds begin to be more prevalent in the spring and summer months.

Food Sources

During winter, the birds feed on leaves, buds, and sometimes small insects that they find on the ground and fly to higher places to forage.

Bluebirds love nectar and pollen. This means that you can help these birds by planting tall trees, and bushes that provide both these things. This will encourage the birds to visit your yard more often and in turn, attract a greater number of birds to your garden.

Plant fruit trees and berry shrubs around your home. Fruit trees will provide nectar, which is especially helpful for bluebirds. Some trees and shrubs that you can plant in your garden are blackberries, strawberries, cranberries, grapes, plums, and peaches.

Eastern Bluebirds
Image by wileydoc from Pixabay


These birds are an important part of the North American migratory songbird population. Eastern bluebirds range throughout most of North America but are mostly found in Northern USA and Canada with some rare sightings occurring in Western states like California.


Although they are mostly found in woodlands, prairies, and the lower reaches of large rivers, they can also be found along smaller streams and even in small ponds, and lakes.


It nests in natural cavities and trees with dense foliage, as well as on man-made structures such as nest boxes. Bluebirds typically lay three to five eggs in the springtime. These birds typically mate for life and have only one brood per year.

In Eastern bluebirds’ nests, there are usually two eggs and three chicks. The female eastern bluebird will lay one egg a day until she has laid all the eggs in her clutch. Once she is done laying, she will incubate the eggs for about 12 days before they hatch.

When it’s time to leave the nest, both parents feed their young at least every 15 minutes around the clock while teaching them how to hunt insects on their own and care for themselves 

Eastern Bluebird Nest
Image by Terri Zakraysek from Pixabay

Migration Path

Eastern Bluebirds are a small, medium-sized bird that migrate south for the winter. They do not typically fly to Florida and instead go farther south than most birds. Eastern Bluebirds have one of the longest migration paths of any North American songbird.

The annual journey is usually long with many dangers along the way such as storms, hail, snow and other things. The eastern bluebird migrates an average of 1,600 miles from its summer home in Canada or northern states to Central America for the winter.

The journey begins in September when they fly down south through Mexico and then head eastward into central regions like Guatemala, Honduras or Nicaragua before finally stopping in Costa Rica, before heading back north in springtime.

Migration Period

Eastern Bluebirds have a very large range that covers all of North America and Central America, with some reaching as far south as Argentina. They migrate north in spring to nest before returning south in fall.

In the winter months they can be found anywhere from New York City to California and Texas, but tend to prefer areas near water such as marshes or streams.

The best time to spot them is during their migration period which begins around April 1st and goes until the end of October. This is when they are most abundant in your yard, as long as you live in the Eastern US.

Image by wileydoc from Pixabay


Eastern bluebirds are one of the few North American birds that live more than 10 years. The Eastern Bluebird lives an average of 6-10.4 years in the wild. There are many factors that affect lifespan including sex, region, predators, and habitat quality.

Active at Night

Bluebirds are diurnal and, unlike many other migratory birds, are only nocturnal in the way that they feed. This means that they are active at night and usually land on vegetation that they consume for food. However, they can also be seen feeding at dawn and dusk as well.

Night Flyer

The eastern bluebird is considered to be a “night flyer”, which means that it has an extremely high degree of energy for a bird that is generally nocturnal in its activities. Its song is also nocturnal, which helps it in attracting the attention of other types of birds and other creatures. It also has a unique social hierarchy that is similar to that of many other birds. birds, with the male birds tending to dominate the female, and the female acting as a subordinate bird.

Eastern Bluebird Song

The song of the bird is distinctive because it changes every year with age: it is higher in pitch in the winter and lowers in the summer. This helps identify the bird as a member of the same species, which helps the conservationist when determining if the bird is in a population.

Attracting Bluebirds

Are you looking for a way to attract bluebirds to your yard? You can use a variety of techniques to entice these beautiful birds. Check out our 11 tips below!

1) Keep it clean – Eastern bluebirds will be less likely to visit if they find too much trash or debris in their path.

2) Eastern bluebirds are attracted to well-maintained lawns with a variety of flowers and food sources nearby, such as shrubs or fruit trees.

3) These birds have a preference for eating bugs and fruit so make sure you leave some food out for them such as mealworms or oranges!

4) Avoid excessive noise.

5) Bluebird nest boxes can be bought on Amazon, or they can be made by hand from recycled materials. 2) Fill the box with natural nesting material like shredded paper, straw, leaves, sticks and grasses. 3) Place the box in an open area near a tree for protection from predators.

6) Plant native plants that offer good sources of food and shelter. Eastern bluebirds like a variety of berries, such as elderberries, huckleberries, chokecherries, currants, service berry, and sumac.

7) Add fruit trees and bushes such as mulberry, elderberry, cotoneaster, crabapple, berries, cherries, grapes, apples, or pears.

8) Offer water sources-a birdbath, or even just a shallow dish with some stones in it, so the birds can reach in and drink from the edge.

9) Provide feeders filled with black oil sunflower seeds (don’t forget the mesh netting!) and peanuts.

10) Provide bird feeders with plenty of high-quality seed such as sunflower seeds, or cracked corn throughout the year to provide an adequate food supply for these cavity nesters. There are many feeders that are designed to attract these birds in your yard. Find the lowest price on a bluebird feeder on Amazon.

11) Leave standing dead trees with thick bark as roosting spots during winter months.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is the Eastern Bluebird rare?

Eastern bluebirds are a bird species that is fairly rare. There are many reasons for this, such as habitat loss and lack of breeding sites. However, there have been recent sightings in other areas which may be an indication that the Eastern Bluebird population is growing. 

Do Bluebirds come back to the same nest every year?

Bluebirds are well known for their return each year to the same location where they mate and nest. But, is this true? For a pair of bluebirds to return to the same nest in successive years, there must be adequate shelter and food sources near their nesting site from one season to another; plus an adequate number of desirable nesting sites to choose from.

Are Bluebirds friendly?

Bluebirds can be very friendly to people, as they will often eat from your hand or come close enough for you to touch them.

Why do Bluebirds puff up?

Bluebirds puff up because they are trying to show their dominance. They will often puff up when they are scared or threatened by another bird. This is not a sign of aggression, but rather an attempt to scare off the other bird.

Do Bluebird pairs stay together?

Bluebirds typically mate for life; however, some pairs may separate due to injury or death of one of the mates.