Bird poop on window

Do Birds Pee? The Fascinating Truth Revealed! 

Do birds pee? That sounds like a question you might have asked yourself at some point during your bird watching career. No matter what type of birder you are, I’m sure this has crossed your mind.

There are many myths and misconceptions about birds and their waste or urination habits. It is time to set the record straight! We will explore the answer to this question in this article.

Do birds pee?

Birds have no bladder or urethra, so they pee, and poop out of the same place (hole). They are born with a cloaca, which is an opening that has both a rectum and an area for their reproductive organs.

The opening where urine comes out will be close to the middle, but not on top of it, while feces will come out near the back end. The bird’s cloaca acts as a way to expel water from its body because birds don’t sweat like humans. 

Cloaca’s are openings that connect to the bird’s digestive, reproductive and urinary systems. Their pee, and poop mix up together inside them and come out of the same place. This is different from mammals like humans who have a bladder for urine and separate organs for defecation. 

What color is bird pee?

Do you know what color is the pee of birds? The answer is white. When birds pee they also poop and excrete wastes in the form of uric acid, that comes out as a white paste substance.

Many people think that all bird urine is yellow, but this is not true. It turns yellow only when it has been exposed to sunlight for some time and starts decomposing, or if it contains too much bilirubin from red blood cells.

Robin in bird bath
Image by Jill Wellington from Pixabay

Do birds poop?

Yes, they do. Birds have to eat and excrete waste like any other animal. Their digestive system is very efficient and only the right amount of nutrients is absorbed and all the waste matter is eliminated through their cloaca.

The cloaca is an opening found at the base of a bird’s tail feathers, from where both urine and feces are eliminated through their digestive tract. Along with their excreta, birds also expel uric acid, which are solid and dry white crystals or white liquid.

What is a birds poop hole called?

A bird’s poop hole is called a cloaca. The cloaca is used for both reproduction and excreting of waste. A bird’s cloaca is an opening that serves as the animal’s only outlet for urination, defecation, and reproduction.

Cloacae are located at the end of the ileum in birds’ digestive tracts, where it joins with the colon to form a chamber known as the proctodeum or venter; this leads to a narrow tube known as the cloaca.

There are two types of cloaca’s: a simple one and a complex one. A bird’s simple cloaca consists of only an ileum with no colon or other parts; they serve only for excreting waste material, whereas a bird’s complex cloaca includes both an ileum and colons which allows them to reproduce through fertilization.

What birds can pee and poop while flying?

Birds do not just pee while flying, they also poop. The vast majority of birds are capable of urinating and defecating while in flight, with the exception of some waterfowl like geese or pigeons.

There is a lot more to the science behind this than one might think at first glance. Some birds have specific organs which store urine for long periods of time, these include species such as gulls and hawks that can remain airborne for days on end​​​​​​​.

What do birds pee, and poop out of?

Birds are one of the most fascinating animals in the world. However, not many people know that birds pee and poop out their cloaca. The cloaca is a hole found at the end of a bird’s digestive tract where all waste leaves from after digestion.

It is also where eggs and sperm are mixed to create an egg. There is only one opening for this passage, so when they urinate or excrete feces, it goes through there. The cloaca, also has many other functions too.

It houses reproductive organs, such as ovaries or testes, for males and females respectively. It also plays a role in sexual reproduction because it acts as an opening to transfer sperm into a female during copulation or egg cells from male to female.​​​​​​​

Do birds have kidneys?

Birds have a pair of kidneys, as do mammals and reptiles. The bird’s kidney is relatively large in relation to its body mass. Unlike most other animals, the bird does not produce urine to rid its body of excess water and salts.

Instead, the kidneys filter out excess water and sodium from the blood stream, which is then excreted through uric acid, much like in reptiles.

The uric acid is not dissolved in water but is in the form of a white paste together with calcium salts that form bladder stones. These stones are then excreted with the faeces. In this way, birds lose very little water through their excretory system.

Birds also lack a bladder, so the uric acid is stored in the cloaca, where it mixes with fecal matter and passes out of the body through the vent.

Is bird poop toxic to humans?

Bird droppings are a lot more toxic than people think. Not only do they make your yard look unkempt, but they can also be very toxic to humans and pets alike.  Birds, just like any other animal, have their own way of getting rid of the things they don’t need anymore.

In this case, bird poop or droppings can be very toxic and may spread diseases to humans if not disposed of properly. A common misconception is that all bird droppings are basically the same, but there’s actually many types depending on what type of bird it came from.​​​​​​​ It is estimated that 1 in every 3 people has had an encounter with bird droppings.

These little white pellets are more toxic than you think, as they can carry disease-causing parasites and other organisms such as E. coli or salmonella, both of which cause stomach problems and food poisoning. Birds have a habit of hanging out on high structures to catch bugs, so this increases the likelihood of them poop​​​​​​​ing on you or your car.

Jay bird on branch
Image by Tomasz Proszek from Pixabay

Can birds hold their poop?

Do birds hold their poop? Yes, some of them can. Birds have to go so frequently that they cannot afford to take the time to go every time they feel like it.

Some types of birds can control their bowel movements and hold their waste until they find a safe place where there is enough space for them to get away from predators or other threats.

They have a reflex called the cloaca which prevents them from releasing their waste, but sometimes when it gets too full, they will find a private place and release it. This is helpful because bird feces can contain many bacteria which can cause diseases in humans such as salmonella or even E. coli!

The most common type of bird that holds its feces is the chicken, which makes sense because chickens are raised in close quarters and spend much time in their coop.

Do birds poop when they take off?

Birds do poop when they take off. This is not something new and there are many different reasons why this happens. Many birds have a tendency to relax their muscles when they fly, causing them to urinate or defecate in the process.

When a bird takes off it can produce up to one-third of its body weight in droppings. Other factors such as fatigue from the previous flight, change in air pressure, and full stomachs also contribute to the​​​​​​​m pooping on take off.

Why do birds poop a lot?

Why do birds poop a lot? The answer is simple: they process food quickly. Small birds tend to eliminate excreta (excreta is known as a combination of pee and poop) more often than bigger birds. Bird feces have a similar nutrient composition to human feces, with about 50% being protein and 10% being fat.

Birds use the same digestive enzymes as humans in order to digest their food, so the percentage of nutrients may be different for bird poop compared to human poop due to differing diets​​​​​​​. Birds have very short intestines, which means they eliminate food quickly. This quick elimination means they poop more often than other animals.

Smaller birds are especially prone to frequent pooping because their shorter intestines mean the food goes through them quicker and has less time to be digested. Larger birds have longer intestines and therefore need more time before eliminating waste products from their​​​​​​​ bodies.

People Also Ask

How often do birds pee?

Birds don’t urinate like mammals. They urinate in the form of uric acid, which is a white paste-like substance. Birds don’t have a urinary bladder to store urine like mammals. Instead, birds produce a white paste consisting of nitrogenous wastes such as urea and creatine, together with salts and uric acid.

Small birds such as hummingbirds and small passerines eliminate waste every 15 mins to 60 minutes. Large birds, such as vultures, in contrast, might eliminate every 30 minutes or so.

Do hummingbirds pee?

Hummingbirds do not pee, nor do any other birds. Rather than excreting liquid waste as humans and most mammals do, birds eliminate both urine and feces in the form of a semisolid/solid paste.

This waste product is ejected from the bird’s body via the cloaca. Birds do not urinate due to the fact that they have no urinary bladder, instead depending on their kidneys to carry out all necessary excretion functions’.

Do love birds pee?

Yes! Lovebirds do urinate through a process called excretion. When they do they release a thick substance with both urine and fecal matter in it. This substance comes out of the cloaca.

Do baby birds pee?

Baby birds don’t actually pee. Instead, they excrete nitrogenous wastes in the form of uric acid. In the form of a paste.

Do budgies pee?

Budgies don’t actually pee. Like other birds, they have what is called a cloaca. All the excretions (poop, pee, and egg products) come out of this one opening.

Do parrots pee?

Parrots may not have bladders like most animals and human beings, but they do urinate. Parrots, and other types of birds, excrete a thick substance that comes out of their cloaca. This substance contains both fecal matter and urine.

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  • Vince S

    Meet Vince, the passionate founder of Learn Bird Watching, boasting 30 years of birding experience. With an unwavering mission to empower fellow bird enthusiasts, Vince shares invaluable wisdom and guidance. Whether you're a budding birder or a seasoned avian aficionado, his wealth of knowledge is at your service. Reach out for expert insights and support at, and embark on a rewarding journey in the world of birds.