stellers jay

11 Birds That Are Black And Blue (Explained)

Birds that are black and blue are a fairly common sight, but many people don’t know the difference between them. The distinction between these colors is important, because the way in which they appear can vary significantly from one species to another.

This article will cover all the major varieties of birds that are black and blue, with detailed explanations about their appearances and habitats. This post will help clarify the distinctions between these types of birds so that you can easily identify them.

Purple Martin

The Purple Martin is the attractive bird, that is native to North America. This stunning bird has dark blackish-blue feathers with an iridescent luster, which make it look like a jewel when it catches the light.

They average about 20 cm (7.9 in) long and have a slender body with long wings that are perfect for catching insects. Purple Martins breed mainly in eastern North American and migrate to Mexico during winter months to escape cold weather.​​​​​​​

Steller’s Jay

Image by Diana Roberts from Pixabay

The Steller’s Jay is one of the most beautiful birds in the world. It is native to Western North America, found in coniferous and coniferous-deciduous forests. The jay has blue plumage throughout but has a black head, crest and upper body.

They have an average size of 13 inches long from the top of their head to the tip of their tail.  The Steller’s Jay usually feeds on nuts, seeds and berries that are found in trees or shrubs. They will also eat insects and spiders if they come across them while feeding.​​​​​​​

Common Grackle

common grackle
Photo by Andrew Patrick from Pexels

The Common Grackle is a large black bird that can be found throughout North America. They are not considered to be rare, but they are still interesting. Common Grackles are usually about 12 inches long and have an iridescence black and blue sheen on their body, head and upperparts.

The males have more of this sheen than the females do. This species of grackle can be seen in backyards, urban areas, or rural areas where they will feed on seeds, insects, sometimes small mammals.

Indigo Bunting

Image by heronworks from Pixabay

The Indigo Bunting is a small, blue bird that can be found in the Eastern United States. They breed in brushlands, forests, and woodland edges and are mainly blue with some gray to black on their wings.

The average size of an Indigo Bunting is 4.5-5 inches long from head to tail, and they weigh between 3-6 ounces. These birds can often be seen throughout the eastern North America during spring migration and will winter either in Florida or South America.

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Image by David Mark from Pixabay

The Black-throated Blue Warbler is a species of songbird that breeds in eastern North America. They migrate to the Caribbean, Central America. They are blue on top and white underneath with black on the throat, face, and sides.

Their average length is 4.3-5.1 inches long. Their habitat is deciduous and mixed-deciduous forests where they feed mainly on insects but sometimes fruit as well when it’s available for them to eat.​​​​​​​

Black-billed Magpie

The Black-billed Magpie is a bird that lives in the Western part of North America, from Alaska to Mexico.. It can be found throughout this area, as it inhabits open woodlands, riparian thickets, fields and yards.

The size of the magpie ranges from 18 to 24 inches long. This species has black and white feathers with blue-green iridescent shimmer on its wings and tail feathers. The diet consists mainly of insects, grains and fruit.​​​​​​​

Tree Swallow

Image by Daniel Roberts from Pixabay

Tree Swallows are small, blue birds that can be found all over North America. They have deep-blue iridescent backs and white bellies with blackish flight feathers and a black mask. The average length of these birds is 5-6″ inches.

Tree Swallows enjoy eating insects, berries and fruit, but they also drink water droplets from leaves and branches in order to keep themselves hydrated on hot days or when food sources are scarce.​​​​​​​

Blue Grosbeak

The blue grosbeak is a small songbird that can be found throughout forest and shrub land across Southern and Central United States, as well as South America. They have deep blue feathers with black mask, reddish-brown wing bars with some black streaks, and a black/silver beak.

Their average length is 5.5 to 7.5″ inches long, which includes their tail feathers that are approximately 3 to 4″ inches long. Blue Grosbeaks feed on insects, seeds, grain or fruit.

Western Jackdaw

Image by TheOtherKev from Pixabay

The Western Jackdaw is the most sociable bird in Europe. It is a medium-sized passerine bird with an average length for this species is 13-15″ inches. It can be found across Europe, western Asia and North Africa. Their preferred habitat are pastures, coastal cliffs, and towns.

The Western Jackdaw’s plumage is mostly black with blue and purple on its crown, wings and tail. They feed on insects, snails, small rodents, carrion (dead animals) as well as human food scraps from trash cans. These birds are commonly seen scavenging for food around people’s homes​​​​​​​. 

European Starling

Image by TheOtherKev from Pixabay

The European Starling is a common bird found worldwide. It has iridescent black plumage with a metallic blue purple sheen and average size of 8-9″ inches in length. They are native to Europe but have been introduced all over the world due to their high adaptability.

They can be found around towns, cities, parks, yards and fields. The European Starlings feed on insects, berries and fruit and nest either on the ground or in trees.​​​​​​​

Brown-headed Cowbird

Image by Matt Fulkes from Pixabay

The Brown-headed Cowbird is the newest ‘neighbor’ in your yard. If you have a garden, feeder, or birdbath in your yard, it’s likely that the Brown-headed Cowbird has found its way to your property. Native to North America, and common in yards, fields, pastures, meadows, forest edges.

It has an iridescent black/blue color throughout with a brown head. Average length is about 6-9″ inches. Feed mostly on seeds, grasses, weeds, crop grains and insects. This bird has been spotted all over North America for centuries now and many people enjoy watching them.