A Golden Pheasant foraging in high grass.

Which Countries Have the Most Birds? A Global Exploration

Birds are some of the most beautiful creatures on the planet, with their vibrant colors, sweet melodies, and their ability to soar through the skies.

While many of us appreciate the beauty of birds, some countries have more bird species than others. In this article, we’ll explore which countries have the most birds and what makes them so special.

Which Countries Have the Most Birds?

Colombia – 1,866 Species

Colombia is home to an astonishing 1,866 species of birds, more than any other country in the world. This includes 95 breeding endemic species that can only be found within Colombia, such as the Santa Marta Parakeet, Yellow-eared Parrot, and Multicolored Tanager.

Colombia also boasts the highest number of hummingbird species of any country, with over 160 species recorded. The country’s diverse geography, which includes the Andes mountain range, the Amazon rainforest, and the Caribbean and Pacific coasts, provides a variety of habitats for these feathered creatures to thrive. 

Peru – 1,860 Species

Peru is home to an impressive 1,860 species of birds, including 138 endemic species. This includes the magnificent Andean Condor, one of the world’s largest flying birds, and the Inca Tern, a distinctive seabird with a prominent red beak and distinctive mustache-like feathers.

Peru is also known for its diverse hummingbird population, with 120 species recorded. Many of the bird species found in Peru can be seen in the country’s numerous national parks, such as Manu National Park, which is home to over 1,000 species of birds.

Brazil – 1,816 Species

Brazil is home to an incredible 1,816 species of birds, making it one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. The Amazon rainforest alone is estimated to contain over 1,300 species of birds. Some of Brazil’s iconic bird species include the Scarlet Macaw, Blue-and-yellow Macaw, and Toco Toucan.

The country is also home to a number of endemic bird species, such as the Brazilian Merganser and the Brazilian Tanager. In recent years, Brazil has faced significant environmental challenges, including deforestation and habitat loss, which have put many of its bird species at risk.

Indonesia – 1,737 Species

Indonesia is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, with 1,737 species of birds recorded within its borders. This vast archipelago is home to a variety of unique and endemic species, such as the Javan Hawk-Eagle, Wallace’s Standardwing, and the Black-billed Kingfisher. Indonesia is particularly renowned for its birds of paradise, which can only be found in the tropical rainforests of New Guinea and nearby islands.

In fact, more species of birds of paradise can be found in Indonesia than anywhere else in the world. With its diverse habitats, ranging from rainforests to coral reefs, Indonesia offers a wealth of opportunities for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts to discover its remarkable avian diversity.

Ecuador – 1,624 Species

Ecuador is known for its incredible biodiversity, and its birdlife is no exception. With a total of 1,624 species, Ecuador ranks as one of the top countries in the world for birdwatching. One of the most iconic birds found in Ecuador is the Andean condor, which is one of the largest flying birds in the world.

Other notable species include the Galápagos penguin, the hoatzin, and the Esmeraldas woodstar. Ecuador also boasts a large number of hummingbird species, with 132 different types recorded. Overall, Ecuador is a must-visit destination for bird enthusiasts looking to spot some of the most unique and rare bird species in the world.

A hoatzin bird perched in a tree.
Image by Herbert Bieser from Pixabay

Bolivia – 1,437 Species

Bolivia is a landlocked country in South America that has an impressive 1,437 species of birds. It is home to 17 breeding endemic bird species that can only be found within Bolivia, such as the Red-fronted Macaw, Bolivian Recurvebill, and Bolivian Blackbird. Bolivia’s diverse geography, including the Andes Mountains, the Amazon rainforest, and the Chaco lowlands, contributes to the country’s rich birdlife.

The Madidi National Park, one of the most biodiverse places on earth, is located in Bolivia and is a popular destination for birdwatchers. In addition, the country’s history and culture have led to the creation of unique birding traditions, such as the Ch’alla ritual, in which local Aymara people offer coca leaves and alcohol to Pacha Mama, the earth mother, and ask for protection and good fortune in their birding expeditions.

Venezuela – 1,385 Species

Venezuela, situated on the northern coast of South America, has a bird species count of 1,385. It has an incredibly diverse array of birdlife, including 53 breeding endemic species that can only be found within its borders, such as the Táchira Antpitta, Caracas Brush-Finch, and Venezuelan Sylph.

Venezuela is also home to the Harpy Eagle, one of the world’s largest and most powerful eagles, as well as a variety of colorful parrots, toucans, and hummingbirds. The country’s unique geography, which includes the Andes Mountains and the Amazon rainforest, provides a wide range of habitats that support a rich and varied avian population.

China – 1,288 Species

China is home to a diverse array of bird species, with 1,288 species recorded within its borders. This includes many endemic species such as the Chinese monal, golden pheasant, and silver pheasant. The country’s vast territory and varied landscapes provide habitats for a wide range of birds, from forest dwellers like the Chinese hwamei and Chinese bamboo partridge to wetland species such as the black-necked crane and swan goose.

The endemic Sichuan partridge is one of the rarest and most threatened species in China, with a population of only a few hundred individuals. China is also a critical migratory stopover for many bird species traveling between their breeding grounds in Siberia and their wintering grounds in Southeast Asia.

India – 1,210 Species

India is a land of biodiversity and home to a rich variety of bird species, with 1,210 recorded species. It is one of the top destinations in the world for birdwatchers, attracting enthusiasts from across the globe. Some of the famous bird species found in India include the Indian Peafowl, the national bird of India, and the Great Indian Bustard, which is one of the heaviest-flying birds in the world.

India is also home to several endemic bird species, including the Nilgiri Flycatcher, the Sri Lanka Frogmouth, and the Jerdon’s Courser, which are found only in specific regions of the country. The Himalayas, the Western Ghats, and the Northeastern region of India are some of the key areas for bird watching in the country.

Mexico – 1,097 Species

Mexico is home to 1,097 species of birds, making it one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. Some of the most iconic bird species found in Mexico include the Resplendent Quetzal, Golden-cheeked Warbler, and Mexican Jay. The country’s diverse landscapes, ranging from deserts to mountains to tropical forests, provide habitats for a wide variety of bird species.

Additionally, Mexico is an important stopover and wintering area for many migratory bird species, making it a crucial area for bird conservation efforts. Despite the country’s rich birdlife, many species are threatened by habitat loss, climate change, and illegal hunting, highlighting the need for continued conservation efforts.

Tanzania – 1,074 Species

Tanzania is home to an impressive 1,074 species of birds, including the endemic Uluguru Bushshrike and Loveridge’s Sunbird. The country’s diverse range of habitats, from coastal areas to the mountains, provides habitats for many bird species. The Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area are popular destinations for birdwatchers, offering the chance to spot iconic species such as the Lilac-breasted Roller and the Kori Bustard.

Other bird-rich areas in Tanzania include the Usambara Mountains and Lake Victoria. The country’s coastline is also important for migratory birds, with several species visiting the country during the Northern Hemisphere winter.

A Lilac-breasted Roller perched on a  tree branch.
Image by Steve Bidmead from Pixabay

Kenya – 1,057 Species

Kenya is a birdwatcher’s paradise, with an impressive 1,057 species of birds found in the country. Some of the iconic bird species that can be found in Kenya include the African fish eagle, the national bird of Kenya, the Lilac-breasted Roller, and the Secretary bird.

Birdwatchers can also spot numerous species of flamingos, pelicans, and storks in the famous Lake Nakuru, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In addition to the famous national parks and reserves such as Maasai Mara, Amboseli, and Tsavo East, the Kakamega Forest is also a must-visit for bird enthusiasts, as it is home to several endemic bird species.

Myanmar – 1,034 Species

Myanmar, also known as Burma, is a country located in Southeast Asia that is home to an impressive 1,034 species of birds. This includes many globally threatened species such as the Spoon-billed Sandpiper, White-winged Duck, and Jerdon’s Minivet.

In addition, Myanmar is also home to several species of pheasants, including the Blyth’s Tragopan and the Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant. The country’s diverse range of habitats, from tropical rainforests to Himalayan foothills, makes it an ideal destination for birdwatchers looking to spot a wide variety of species.

Argentina – 1,001 Species

Argentina is home to over 1,000 bird species, with diverse habitats that range from the Andean mountains to the subtropical forests of the north. The country’s most iconic bird is the Andean condor, one of the world’s largest flying birds, which can be seen soaring over the Andes mountains.

Other notable species include the Rufous-throated Dipper, Red-and-white Crake, and the endemic Strange-tailed Tyrant, which is found only in the grasslands of the southern Pampas. The Ibera Wetlands in northeastern Argentina are also a great spot for birdwatching, with over 350 species recorded in the area.

Uganda – 998 Species

Uganda is a bird-watching paradise, with nearly 1,000 bird species recorded within its borders. This includes the iconic Shoebill, a prehistoric-looking bird that is found in swamps and wetlands throughout the country. Other notable species include the Great Blue Turaco, African Green Broadbill, and the Black Bee-eater.

Uganda is also home to several endemic bird species, such as the Fox’s Weaver and the African Green Broadbill. With a variety of habitats ranging from savannas to tropical rainforests, Uganda is a must-visit destination for bird enthusiasts.

A Shoebill foraging in high grass.
Image by Melanie from Pixabay

Thailand – 935 Species

Thailand is a country with rich and diverse birdlife, home to a total of 935 bird species. One of the most famous and recognizable of these is the Siamese Fireback, a pheasant with striking black and red plumage that is often depicted in Thai art and culture. Thailand is also home to several species of hornbills, including the Great Hornbill, the Wreathed Hornbill, and the Rhinoceros Hornbill.

Other notable species include the Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, the Red-headed Trogon, and the Green Peafowl. Thailand’s birds are an important part of the country’s natural heritage and a draw for many birdwatchers and wildlife enthusiasts.

Angola – 920 Species

With its vast land area and diverse habitats, Angola is home to an impressive 920 bird species. The country’s birdlife is highly diverse, with species ranging from the critically endangered Swierstra’s Francolin to the African Pitta, a colorful bird with a distinctive call.

Angola is also home to a large number of bird species that are endemic to the southwestern region of Africa, including the Angola Cave Chat and the Braun’s Bushshrike.

Sudan – 914 Species

With 914 species of birds, Sudan is a significant country for birdwatching in Africa. The country’s diverse habitats, ranging from savannas to wetlands, provide homes for many different species of birds. Some of the bird species that can be found in Sudan include the African Pygmy Falcon, Red-billed Francolin, and Black-headed Lapwing.

Birdwatching is becoming more popular in Sudan, and there are several areas that are known for their birdwatching opportunities, such as the Dinder National Park and Sudd Swamp.​​​​​​​

Cameroon – 888 Species

Cameroon is home to a diverse array of bird species, with a total of 888 species recorded. The country’s location in the African Rift Valley and its varied geography contribute to its rich birdlife. The Mount Cameroon area alone hosts over 400 species, including the African Grey Parrot, which is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List.

The forested areas of southern Cameroon are particularly important for bird conservation, as they provide habitat for several endemic species, such as the Mount Kupe Bushshrike and the Bannerman’s Turaco. Cameroon is also a prime location for birdwatching, with several reserves and national parks dedicated to preserving the country’s birdlife.​​​​​​​

Panama – 884 Species

Panama, a narrow country that connects North and South America, boasts an impressive 884 species of birds. Its strategic location and diverse habitats, ranging from coastal regions to cloud forests and mountain ranges, provide a home to many unique bird species, including the stunning Harpy Eagle, the vibrantly colored Resplendent Quetzal, and the curious Keel-billed Toucan.

Many birding enthusiasts flock to Panama to explore its extensive birding trails and to catch a glimpse of some of the country’s most iconic feathered residents.​​​​​​​

A Keel-billed Toucan perched on a tree branch.
Image by NatureForGirls from Pixabay

Costa Rica – 842 Species

Costa Rica is a birdwatcher’s paradise, with over 840 species recorded within its borders. Many of these birds can be found in the country’s national parks and protected areas, such as the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve and Corcovado National Park.

Some of the country’s most famous avian residents include the Scarlet Macaw, Resplendent Quetzal, and Toucan. Costa Rica’s diverse geography, which includes rainforests, mangroves, and high-altitude cloud forests, makes it a prime destination for bird enthusiasts from around the world.​​​​​​​

United States – 824 Species

The United States is home to 824 species of birds, making it one of the top birdwatching destinations in the world. While the number of species is not as high as in some other countries, the United States still has a diverse array of birds, including the bald eagle, American robin, red-tailed hawk, and eastern bluebird.

The United States is also home to a number of migratory species that travel through the country on their way to breeding or wintering grounds. Many national parks and wildlife refuges throughout the country offer excellent birdwatching opportunities.​​​​​​​


There are many countries around the world that are home to a diverse bird population. The countries mentioned above are just a few examples of the top birdwatching destinations. Whether you are an avid birdwatcher or just enjoy spending time in nature, exploring these countries can be a great way to experience the beauty of the natural world.

Remember that birdwatching can be a fun and rewarding hobby, but it’s important to be respectful of the birds and their habitat. When birdwatching, make sure to follow local regulations, stay on designated trails, and use binoculars or a spotting scope to observe the birds from a safe distance. By doing so, you can help protect these amazing creatures and ensure that they continue to thrive for generations to come.

Related Post: How Many Bird Species Are There in the World? An Overview

Source: http://datazone.birdlife.org/


  • Vince S

    Meet Vince, the passionate founder and author of Learn Bird Watching, boasting 30 years of birding experience. With an unwavering mission to empower fellow bird enthusiasts, Vince shares invaluable wisdom and guidance. As a dedicated moderator and contributor to Quora's Bird Watchers' Club, he actively engages with the birding community, where his insightful answers have garnered over 440,000 views and over 2,670 upvotes. Whether you're a budding birder or a seasoned avian aficionado, his wealth of knowledge is at your service.