peregrine falcon

What is the Fastest Bird in the World? (Solved)

The Peregrine Falcon is the fastest bird in the world. It can fly at speeds of up to 180 miles per hour and has been clocked at 240 mph during dives!

These birds were able to accelerate their speed from 60 mph to 180 mph in just a few seconds.

It’s not hard to see why they are so successful hunters. They are fast, agile, and have powerful talons that allow them to catch prey mid-air.

Identification

The Peregrine Falcon is a North American falcon that is found in the lower 48 states. It is dark gray on top with a charcoal cap and a yellow cere, and ring around the eye. It has a small hooked bill, with barred flanks and is completely white underneath. 

The peregrine falcon males weighs 350 to 1,000 g (0.70–2.30 lb) and the female is a bit bigger between (1.5–3.5 lb).

The Peregrine Falcon’s body is much smaller than its wings. It stands at around body length of 13–23 in (34 to 58 cm) (13–23 in) with a wingspan of 40-44 in (102-111 cm).

Habitat

The peregrine falcon is one of two birds to inhabit North America today, the other being the Bald Eagle. In addition to the common bird, the peregrine falcon has made their home in Australia, Britain, Ireland, and Spain.

It is also seen is on the Arabian Peninsula, where they feed mainly on waterfowl. The peregrine falcon breeding ranges from Central Asia to the southern United States, and they have been known to migrate from one breeding ground to another.

Migration

Peregrine Falcons breed from Alaska to Maine during the months of April through July. After breeding season, they migrate south for winter with some staying as far south as Central America and southern Brazil.

They then make their way back north in March or April until they reach their breeding grounds again at the end of May or early June. The journey they take is approximately 12,000 miles in length and takes them six months to complete.

Peregrines make use of various habitats throughout their migration and will travel up to 200 miles per day at speeds of 60-80 mph while using updrafts from mountains or thermals from valleys during their long flight.

peregrine falcon
Image by Kevinsphotos from Pixabay

Nesting Habits

Peregrines are a type of bird that like to nest in high places. They can be found nesting on cliff faces, tall buildings, bridges and other structures. Peregrines have an average life span of 15 years and reach sexual maturity at the age of two.

They make their nests from sticks, mud and grasses which they line with feathers for insulation. A female will lay three eggs, but only one chick will usually survive due to sibling rivalry. 

Food

Peregrines primarily eat other birds, which makes up about 75% of their diet; that includes ducks, gulls, pigeons, songbirds, seagulls, blackbirds, and other medium-sized birds. They also eat other animals such as rabbits, chipmunks and squirrels.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the second-fastest bird in the world?

The Saker Falcon is the second-fastest bird in the world, followed by the Golden Eagle. The saker has a maximum horizontal airspeed over 90 mph while the Golden Eagle has a horizontal speed of just over 80 mph. They are both even in dive speed at around 200 mph.

What is the fastest bird in level flight?

Well, if we are only talking about birds that can fly at level flight, then the white-throated needletail is actually the fastest. This particular species of bird reaches speeds just over 100 mph while it’s flying in an undulating pattern with its tail spread wide open and its wings tucked close to its body.

What is the slowest bird?

The American woodcock, a type of ground-dwelling bird that lives in forested areas, moves at speeds of no more than 5mph on average. This makes it the slowest known bird on Earth!

What is the most agile bird?

The most agile bird is the hummingbird. Hummingbirds are the only birds that can fly backwards, hover in mid-air and fly upside down. Hummingbirds have many unique abilities not found in other types of birds. 

Hummingbirds can change direction in a fraction of a second without losing any speed because their wings are attached to their bodies by very elastic tissue that is anchored near the tail end of the bird’s body.