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Most Common Backyard Birds In Oregon (Explained)

Backyard birdwatching in Oregon is an increasingly popular pastime. The great thing about the state is that you will find many birds are native to this area.

In fact, most of the state’s resident species are represented here, and watching them in their natural habitats is a wonderful experience. You can take advantage of watching Oregon’s unique birds and wildlife from the comfort of your backyard tree or perch.

The only difficult part about this hobby is trying to find a good spot in which to view all the species that Oregon has to offer. The first step to take when you are thinking about doing backyard birdwatching in Oregon is to learn as much about the area as possible.

This means knowing what part of Oregon is good for birdwatching, and what species of birds frequent the area. When you have this knowledge, you are ready to start your search for a particular species.

Most Common Backyard Birds In Oregon

American Robin

American Robin
Photo by Skyler Ewing from Pexels

The American Robin is a common migration bird of the family Turdidae and the Thrush genus. Unlike most birds that migrate, this one keeps in quite frequently, sometimes flying several thousand miles over the same area. Its diet consists mainly on insects, berries and fruits being eaten occasionally.

The American Robin has an extended breeding season, lasting all through the summer months in most areas, with some birds wintering for the wintertime. During this time they forage on the nearby shore to satisfy their appetite for food, and also because it’s a source of building material for their nests.

  • Frequency: 39.86%
  • Color: Mostly brown on the back with an orange colored breast
  • Habitat: Wooded areas, backyards, parks, fields
  • Range: USA, Canada, Mexico
  • Size: 12 – 16″ inches
  • Weight: 72 – 95 grams
  • Diet: Fruits, berries and insects (earthworms, beetles, caterpillars)
  • Family: Turdidae
  • Genus: Turdus

Related Post: Interesting American Robin Fun Facts

Song Sparrow

Song Sparrow
Image by simardfrancois from Pixabay

The song Sparrow is a small medium-sized New World songbird. It is probably one of the most widely distributed and dominant species in the wild. In North America it is by far one of the largest and most widespread resident species in the western hemisphere.

This small, nimble bird is an excellent bird for bird watchers who like to find birds singing to them. Because of their small size they are also fairly easy to spot on a bird feeder, and you can even often find these birds on bird baths or other bird structures.

  • Frequency: 38.84%
  • Color: Gray head, white cheek, a black bib, rufous neck
  • Habitat: Urban centers, farms, backyards, edges, yards, and parks
  • Range:  Europe, Mediterranean, Asia, Australasia, Africa, and the Americas
  • Size: 5.5 – 7.0″ inches
  • Weight: 25 – 40 grams
  • Diet:  Grains, seeds, and insects
  • Family: Passeridae
  • Genus: Passer

Related Post: How to Attract Sparrows to your Backyard

American Crow

American Crow
Image by Jasmin Sessler from Pixabay

The American Crow is exceptionally large common passing passerine bird species of the genus Corvus. It’s a quite common bird seen throughout much of North America, with its range extending from southern Oregon and Texas all the way south to central Mexico.

It’s probably the most well-known of all the crows, even though it’s a species that doesn’t usually appear on any state bird watches. It’s even rarer in the United States, where it lives mainly in large urban parks, backyards, and abandoned-car lots.

  • Frequency: 33.06%
  • Color: Black
  • Habitat: Open country, farms, parks, woodlands, towns, cities
  • Range: Canada, USA, Mexico
  • Size: 16 – 21″ inches
  • Weight: 315 -620 grams
  • Diet: Invertebrates, carrion, seeds, eggs fish, grains, mice, frogs, and other small animals. 
  • Family: Corvidae
  • Genus: Corvis

Dark-eyed Junco

Dark-eyed Junco
Photo by Jack Bulmer from Pexels

The dark-eyed junco is a subspecies of the common sparrow, with an approximate total population of around 630 million individuals in North America. This small and largely nocturnal bird is common throughout much of central North America, from the Pacific Northwest to the deep south. 

Throughout May through August, the male dark-eyed juncos should be present in the yard, where they are usually found feeding on many different kinds of berries, weeds, and insects. 

  • Frequency: 32.73%
  • Color:  Gray head, neck, breast, gray/brown backs and wings, white underside
  • Habitat: Wooded areas, forest edges, roadsides, gardens, parks.
  • Range: USA and Canada
  • Size: 5.1 – 6.9″ inches
  • Weight: 18 – 30 grams
  • Diet:  Seeds, insects, and arthropods
  • Family: Passeriformes
  • Genus: Junco

Northern Flicker

Northern Flicker
Image by radesigns from Pixabay

The Northern flicker or rather common flickers is a small medium-to-large bird of the woodpecker family. It is very common in dry wooded areas throughout North America, especially parts of central America, Cuba, and even the Cayman Islands.

These birds also are common in the southern part of Mexico and in Central America. Northern flickers are primarily nocturnal, but do have some daytime activity. They primarily eat ants, spiders, mites, carpenter ants, and more.

  • Frequency: 30.55%
  • Color: Light brown with black bars across back, chest, wings, belly
  • Habitat: Forests, woodlands, backyards, edges, yards, and parks
  • Range: North America, Central America, Cuba, Cayman Islands
  • Size: 10 – 14″ inches
  • Weight: 85 – 165 grams
  • Diet:  Insects (ants, beetles, invertebrates), fruits, seeds, berries
  • Family: Picadae
  • Genus: Colaptes

Black-capped Chickadee

The Black-capped Chickadee has a varied and remarkable life. It is part of a group of songbirds, which is native to the north-central parts of the United States. The black-capped chickadee’s diet includes suet and berries but they are not fussy about what they eat.

In fact, they are not picky at all. They are sociable birds who enjoy meeting others of their species and who get along well with most members of their own family. They prefer to nest near the ground and in open areas. 

  • Frequency: 29.24%
  • Color: Black-cap, white on face, white/reddish-brown flanks
  • Habitat: Deciduous and mixed forests, backyards, parks
  • Range: USA and Canada
  • Size: 11.5 -16 cm length
  • Weight: 8 – 15 grams
  • Diet:  Insects, seeds, berries
  • Family: Paridae
  • Genus: Poecile

Related Post: How Do I Attract Chickadees To My Yard?

Spotted Towhee

Perhaps one of the most common birds in the Atlanta area is the spotted towhee, which can be found throughout much of the state. The spotted towhee also ranks as the fourth most common bird in the United States.

This small to medium-sized bird is frequently seen as an early morning or late evening visitor to gardens, backyards, and parks. The Spotted Towhee’s low-maintenance lifestyle is reflected in the few needs it has, as little food is needed foraging, and it survives well in an almost completely natural state.

  • Frequency: 28.48%
  • Color: Darker head, upper body and tail with a white belly, reddish-brown sides, white wing bars, and white spots on back.
  • Habitat: Wetland forests, riparian forests, upland forests, scrubland, suburban garden, and parks.
  • Range: Washington, Utah, Arizona, Nevada, Oregon, and Southern British Columbia.
  • Size: 6.7″ – 8.3″ inches
  • Weight: 33 – 49 grams
  • Diet: Insects, beetles, spiders, arthropods,  acorns, seeds oats and berries.
  • Family: Passerellidae
  • Genus: Pipilo

European Starling

The European starlings is a small medium-sized passerine bird from the family, Sturnidae. It has olive greenish yellow plumage with a metallic shine, that’s speckled occasionally with white.Throughout the United States, the common European starling may be seen from March to October during the spring through early summer.

It migrates into central and southern Europe mostly in autumn and winter. In the south-central and northwest parts of the continent, they are most likely to be found in prairie grassland. This is mainly due to the rather sparse habitat of prairie grasslands in these areas.

  • Frequency: 27.26%
  • Color:  Black with glossy iridescence plumage.
  • Habitat: Forests, woodlands, backyards, edges, yards, and parks.
  • Range: North America, Europe, Africa, India, Middle East, China.
  • Size: 7 – 9″ inches long
  • Weight: 60 – 100 grams
  • Diet:  Insects (ants, beetles, invertebrates), fruits, seeds, berries
  • Family: Sturnidae
  • Genus: Sturnus

California Scrub-Jay

California Scrub-Jay
Image by kathyeder from Pixabay

The California scrub-jay is imperiled species of scrub jays native to central, eastern, and northern North America. It is an endangered species with a population believed to be in jeopardy due to habitat loss. It is the smallest of the North American scrub jays and may be locally rare, especially as a result of reductions in connectivity through highways.

It ranges primarily from central British Columbia through central California to west of the Sierra Nevada and east of Reno to the north along the California coast.

  • Frequency: 27.21%
  • Color: Blue head, tail, and wings, a grayish-brown back, gray underparts, and white eyebrows. White throat with a blue necklace
  • Habitat: Deciduous and mixed evergreen forests, low-scrub, mixed woodlands, backyards, parks.
  • Range: Western North America, Southern British Columbia, California, Western Nevada, Sierra Nevada.
  • Size: 11– 12″ inches
  • Weight: 80 grams
  • Diet: Frogs, lizards, insects, grains, nuts, berries, fruit and vegetables
  • Family: Corvidae
  • Genus: Aphelocoma

Steller’s Jay

Steller's Jay
Image by Avia5 from Pixabay

Steller’s Jay is a common bird found in many North American birdhouses. This bird, is often referred to as the provincial bird, because it lives in small towns and cities throughout North America. It is sometimes referred to as the bluejay. Steller’s Jay are fairly common birds in both the eastern and western parts of North America.

The Steller’s Jay is still a beautiful and colorful bird that is very likely to attract a variety of bird watchers. Whether you’re an experienced birder or just looking for something to add to your birdhouse repertoire, the Steller’s Jay may be just the ticket.

  • Frequency: 21.76%
  • Color: Charcoal black head and the body is all blue. White markings above the eye.
  • Habitat: Coniferous forests, residential and agricultural areas with nearby forests.
  • Range:  Pacific Ocean coast of North and Central America, Alaska all the way to Nicaragua.
  • Size: 12 – 13″ inches
  • Weight: 100 -140 grams
  • Diet: Snakes, lizards,invertebrates, small rodents, eggs, seeds, nuts, berries and other fruit.
  • Family: Corvidae
  • Genus: Cyanocitta

House Finch

House Finch
Image by Bryan Hanson from Pixabay

The house Finch is a beautiful bird in the finch family, Frangillidae. It’s native to western North America, and is now introduced to the east and southwestern half of the continent, as well as, Hawaii and even to some extent, the island of Trinidad and Tobago. 

The House Finch  can be found together in nature in large areas of wooded land in the United States and Canada. They all eat different types of food such as, grains, seeds, and even aphids.

  • Frequency: 20.67%
  • Color:  Reddish face and upper breast, brown streaks on back, belly, and tail.
  • Habitat: Urban and suburban areas, backyards, edges, yards, and parks
  • Range: Canada, USA, Mexico
  • Size: 5 – 6″ inches
  • Weight: 16 – 27 grams
  • Diet:  Aphids, grains, seeds, berries, nettle, dandelion, sunflower
  • Family: Fringillidae
  • Genus: Haemorhous

Related Post: How to Attract House Finch to Your Yard?

Red-winged Blackbird

Red-winged Blackbird
Image by Rick Tremblay from Pixabay

The red-winged blackbird, is a large, and somewhat mysterious, bird has been a frequent visitor to homes in the southwestern United States, particularly from Mexico and Arizona, where it has been a source of food and amusement for Native Americans for hundreds of years.

In fact, the United States Indian tribes that once roamed the southwest near Puebla, New Mexico, now use the striking color of the blackbirds to identify their sacred sites. These birds have also become very popular with bird watchers across the United States.

  • Frequency: 19.90%
  • Color: All black with red patches on shoulder and a yellow wing bar
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests, conifers, roadside, rivers, backyards, parks
  • Range: North America, Central America
  • Size: 6.7 – 7.1″ inches length
  • Weight: 41.5 – 65 grams
  • Diet:  Seeds and insects (butterflies, dragonflies, moths, frogs, worms, spider, snails, carrion, flies.)
  • Family: Icteridae
  • Genus: Agelaius

Anna’s Hummingbird

Anna’s Hummingbird resides in the dry, hot desert and is the only remaining species in its native range in the Northern Hemisphere. It lives in southern Mexico up to the low elevations of northern Arizona and New Mexico. It has also been seen in the state of Baja California, and in the extreme southwestern corner of Arizona.

It is now naturalized in parts of Texas and Florida, and even in some parts of Nebraska. This tiny aviary, which measures less than 4.5″ inches across, is the only surviving member of its species in the state of North America.

  • Frequency: 18.38%
  • Color:  Iridescent bronze-green back, a pale gray chest, belly, and green flanks.
  • Habitat: Open-wooded, shrubby areas and mountain meadows across the Pacific coast.
  • Range: New York, Florida, Louisiana, Newfoundland, California, Baja California, Arizona, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, Saskatchewan, and British Columbia.
  • Size: 3.9 – 4.3″ inches long
  • Weight: 3 – 6 grams
  • Diet: Nectar, Insects, arthropods
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Genus: Calypte

Mourning Dove

Mourning Dove
Image by Deedster from Pixabay

The Mourning Dove is part of the Columbidae family. The bird has been called by various names in history, most commonly the American mourning dove and the raindoves. It is now one of North America’s most prevalent and widespread species.

It is probably the most common and widespread of all North American songbirds. It is an excellent ornithologist’s bird, being active in spring, and early summer, yet less vocal or visible in other times of the year. 

  • Frequency: 15.58%
  • Color: Light gray-brown and lighter and pinkish below. The wings have black spots.
  • Habitat: Open habitats, urban areas, farms, prairie, grassland, wooded area
  • Range:  USA, Canada, Mexico, Central America, Greater Antilles
  • Size: 12″ inches length
  • Weight: 112 – 170 grams
  • Diet:  Rapeseed, corn, millet, safflower, sunflower seeds, pokeberry, sesame, and wheat.
  • Family: Columbidae
  • Genus: Zenaida

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Red-breasted Nuthatch
Image by JudaM from Pixabay

The red-breasted nuthatch is a, brightly colored songbird typically found in North America are relatively small, with an average height of about 4.5″ inches and weight of only 9 grams.

The red-breasted nuthatch’s diet consists largely of sunflower seeds and other seeds. It also eats fruits, including blueberries, blackberries, bilberries, cranberries, hawthorn berries, hazelnuts, and grapes. It also eats ticks, mites, fleas, mosquitoes, spiders,

  • Frequency: 15.39%
  • Color:  Bluish gray upperparts with reddish brown underparts, a white face and throat with a black stripe runs through the eyes.
  • Habitat: Coniferous trees but can also be found in mixed woods, backyards, and parks.
  • Range:  Canada and USA
  • Size: 4.5″ inches long
  • Weight: 9.9 grams
  • Diet:  Berries, suet, small seeds, carrion, grasshoppers, and various insect larvae, and crustaceans.
  • Family: Sittidae
  • Genus: Sitta

American Goldfinch

The American goldfinch,  is is a beautiful small bird that migrates frequently between Canada and the southern United States. They prefer a dry, warm area, such as the sagebrush flats of central Colorado and the bluffs of Texas, but can be found along the west side of Mexico and along the Gulf Coast.​​​​​​​

They will select an area near a structure or bush, hang about, and search for food in late summer or early fall.​​​​​​​

  • Frequency: 14.99%
  • Color: Face, neck, and underside are yellow, black wings with white bars
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests and thickets, roadside, grasslands, backyards, meadows
  • Range:  Canada, USA and Mexico
  • Size: 4.3 – 5.5″ inches length
  • Weight: 12 -18 grams
  • Diet:  Grass, dandelions, chickweed, sunflowers and ragweed, thistle, red alder, birch, spruce seeds
  • Family: Carduelinae
  • Genus: Spinus

Related Post: American Goldfinch Interesting Facts

Common Raven

The common raven, is a large black passerine bird found across both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, it is perhaps the most distributed of all passerines. The life cycle of the common raven can be quite a dramatic one. In the winter they take to the trees to seek out food.

During spring they return to the nesting places, where they stay for around two months. In the summer they return to the birdhouses to prepare for flight, at which time they’re full of energy. 

  • Frequency: 14.67%
  • Color:  All black iridescent plumage
  • Habitat: Wooded areas, evergreen forests, tundra, roadside, grasslands, backyards, parks
  • Range:  Found throughout the Northern Hemisphere
  • Size: 21 – 26 inches long
  • Weight: 1.5 – 4.5 lbs.
  • Diet:  Mainly scavengers, feeding on carrion, beetles, and maggots.
  • Family: Corvidae
  • Genus: Corvus

White-crowned Sparrow

The white-crowned sparrow has long been a popular species in ornithology. First identified in 1770 by Rev. Elliot D. Gill, it is native to both Eastern and Central North America, with its greatest range in southeastern Oregon and northern British Columbia. 

The white-crowned sparrow has a wide range in which it lives, including the deserts, deciduous forests, meadows, fields, and lakes.They nest in brush along rivers and creeks, and the black-headed variety nesting in arboretum brush around roads and highways. 

  • Frequency: 14.52%
  • Color: Black and white stripes on their head,  gray face, brown-streaked upper, and a long tail. Brown wings with bars and the underparts are gray.
  • Habitat: Brushy areas
  • Range:  Western USA, and Northern Canada
  • Size: 5.9″ – 6.3″ inches long
  • Weight: 25 – 28 grams
  • Diet: Seeds, insects, and plants
  • Family: Passerellidae
  • Genus: Zonotrichia 

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Yellow-rumped Warbler
Image by Jason Zangari from Pixabay

The yellow-rumped warbler has become a popular North American songbird. They are quite flashy in appearance and are often a great choice for adding some color to your backyard bird watching or garden habitat.There are two common habitat types found in the United States that provide an abundant supply of food for this species, which includes trees, shrubs, grasslands, and fields.

However, they are also able to take advantage of open plains, meadows, ponds, and other open areas that contain plenty of food. During the spring and summer seasons the yellow-rumped warbler will migrate to various parts of the north and make their way into Canada. 

  • Frequency: 14.49%
  • Color: Yellow patches on the crown,flanks, rump & blackish-blue streaks on the back, breast and wings
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests and thickets, roadside, grasslands, backyards
  • Range:  U.SA, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean
  • Size: 4.7 – 5.9″ inches
  • Weight: 10 – 18 grams
  • Diet:  grasshoppers, gnats, aphids,caterpillars, wasps, beetles, spiders, berries, 
  • Family: Parulidae
  • Genus: Setophaga

Related Post: How to Attract Warblers to you Yard?

Golden-crowned Sparrow

Golden-crowned Sparrow
Menke Dave, USFWS

The golden-crowned sparrow is a very common and widespread sparrow native to the western portion of North America. The species is common in dry and southern parts of the United States and south of Mexico. It is the most widely distributed of all the North American sparrows, with over forty percent of this species being found in more than ten states in the U.S.

The other thirty percent is found in a few scattered locations in Mexico. These birds are generally quite small, measuring up to six and a half inches.

  • Frequency: 13.23%
  • Color: Upperparts are grayish-brown, with brownish-black streaks on the back, underparts are gray.
  • Habitat: Forest edges, tundra, high alpine meadows, thickets, fields, roadsides, and backyards.
  • Range:  Eastern North America, from Nova Scotia to Florida
  • Size: 6″ – 7″ inches
  • Weight: 19 – 35.4 grams
  • Diet:  Seeds, berries, flowers and buds from plants, and insects
  • Family: Passerellidae
  • Genus: Zonotrichia

These Backyard Birds Have A Frequency Of Less Than 13% All Year-round

  • Bewick’s Wren –  13.08% Frequency
  • Lesser Goldfinch 11.75%
  • Barn Swallow 11.70%
  • Chestnut-backed Chickadee 11.45%
  • Violet-green Swallow 11.16%
  • Eurasian Collared-Dove 11.14%
  • Killdeer 10.97%
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet 10.96%
  • Downy Woodpecker 10.87%
  • House Sparrow 10.69%
  • Tree Swallow 10.59%
  • Brewer’s Blackbird 10.55%
  • Bushtit 9.98%
  • Cedar Waxwing 9.48%
  • Black-headed Grosbeak 8.49%
  • Common Yellowthroat 8.12%
  • Golden-crowned Kinglet 7.84%
  • Belted Kingfisher 7.78%
  • Brown Creeper 7.73%
  • Pine Siskin 7.72%
  • Pacific Wren 7.72%
  • Western Wood-Pewee 6.74%
  • Fox Sparrow 6.71%
  • Brown-headed Cowbird 6.68%
  • Orange-crowned Warbler 6.62%.
  • White-breasted Nuthatch 6.49%
  • Western Tanager 6.41%
  • Purple Finch 6.22%
  • Varied Thrush 6.13%
  • Rufous Hummingbird 6.00%
  • Savannah Sparrow 5.96%
  • Swainson’s Thrush 5.92%
  • Western Meadowlark 5.78%
  • Wilson’s Warbler 5.66%
  • Rock Pigeon 5.51%
  • Mountain Chickadee 5.05%